I Can Problem Solve (ICPS), formally called Interpersonal Cognitive Problem Solving (also ICPS), is an evidence-based, universal primary prevention program that helps children, as early as age four, learn:
- Alternative solution thinking – ability to generate a variety of solutions to interpersonal problems
- Consequential thinking – ability to recognize the impact of one’s behavior upon others, in light of what might happen nextIn addition, beginning at age eight, ICPS helps children learn more sophisticated thinking skills such as:
- Recognizing mixed emotions – ability to feel opposite ways about the same thing
- Understanding motives – recognition of various possible reasons people act the way they do
- Means-end thinking – ability to plan sequenced steps toward a goal, recognizing obstacles that might interfere with reaching that goal and that it takes time to reach a goal
By teaching children how to think, not what to think, the program changes thinking styles and, as a result, enhances children’s social adjustment, promotes pro-social behaviors and prevents negative, impulsive and withdrawn behaviors.